The history of Syrrako and its geographical location
The Syrrakiotes cape was in great demand and it is said that even Napoleons army was supplied with a large number of capes. The foreign travellers Leake and Pouqueville report in the years 1815 and 1818 that they found in Syrrako a trade cycle comparable to the best European cities. Furthermore, they mention the existence of significant libraries and the circulation of European newspapers, evidence that intellectual development co-existed with trade.
Syrrako and Kalarrytes were the only villages in Epirus that took part in the first year of the 1821 revolution with 720 families and 3500 inhabitants. The Turks destroyed and burnt down the whole village, whereas the inhabitants abandonned it trying to save their lives (10 July 1821). Only five buildings remained untouched and among them Panagias church. The inhabitants returned in the year 1825 (according to others in 1827-28), rebuilt the village and between 1860-70 the village became again as imposing as in the previous years. A second revolution had taken place in 1854 which was of no consequence.
The decline of wool trade and its replacement by synthetic (1908-10) turned the inhabitants trade activities down and forced them to change profession. At that time 530 houses and nearly 5000 inhabitants existed in the village.
The independence came on November 23rd 1919. In the national census of 1913, Ioannina counts 17000 inhabitants, Konitsa 2000 and Syrrako 3500.
Syrrako gave Greece important men, who distinguished in different fields and left their name in history. The author and poet Kostas Krystallis (1868-1894) has an important position among them; he wrote Mountain and Stable, Stavraetos, Shades of Hades and Vlachoi of Pindos and many others. Ioannis Kolettis (1774-1847) the first Constitutive Prime Minister of Greece (1844-1847), member of Filiki Eteria, Ali-Pashas private doctor, minister of the Interior Affairs, of the Navy and Military, member of the Three member Committee after Kapodistrias death, ambassador in Paris (1844-1847). Georgios Zalokostas (1805-1858) poet and fighter during 1821. The army leaders Katsikogiannis, Lepeniotis and others, the benefactors G. Gianniotis, Sp. Baltatzis, G. Ikkos and many other men of literature, arts and trade.